china sheet metal parts manufacturer
stainless Steel for Stamping Applications



sheet metal parts fabrication service  
Services & Tech >> Stainless Steel for Stamping Applications
Stainless Steel for Stamping Applications

Stainless steel is one of the most popular steel alloys in use. Because of their excellent properties such as strong, acid-resistant, corrosion-resistant and impact resistant, Stainless Steel Stamping parts are widely used for the food service, nuclear, marine, medical, energy and telecom industries.

The five main categories of stainless steels, designated by their predominant microstructural phases and characteristics: Austenitic, Ferritic, Martensitic, Duplex, Precipitation-harde.
Like all steels, each of these have iron as the primary element. Corrosion resistance of stainless steels results from the reaction of microstructural chromium with the atmosphere, forming a tenacious oxide layer only one-millionth of a millimeter thick. This reaction begins when the iron-based alloy contains at least 10.5-percent chromium, making 10.5 percent the minimum amount of chromium possible in stainless steels. Corrosion resistance typically improves with increasing chromium content. Formability, strength, toughness and other properties of individual grades within the five categories result from the type and distribution of additional alloying elements.
Austenitic grades constitute the most formable stainless steels. These steels strengthen when formed, as their high n-values lead to work-hardenability. Austenitic stainless steels, though not magnetic when produced, become slightly magnetic when formed into parts.
SS304, the most frequently used austenitic grade, has a composition of 18-percent chromium and 8-percent nickel, and sometimes is referred to as 18-8 stainless. Another common austenitic grade, SS316, has similar chromium and nickel content in addition to about 2-percent molybdenum for enhanced corrosion resistance.
Increasing nickel content allows the austenite phase to form more readily at room temperature, and is associated with increased ductility. However, the commodity price of nickel can vary greatly, from $50,000/ton in 2007 to one-quarter of that today. Nickel price is a key driver of 300-series stainless-steel pricing as it comprises about 10 percent of the alloy content. To get around high nickel prices, 200-series austenitic stainless steels were developed, where various amounts of manganese, nitrogen and molybdenum replace some nickel content.
During cooling from welding or annealing temperatures, chromium in austenitic stainless steels combines with carbon to form chromium carbide. These precipitates occur at the microstructural grain boundaries. In a process called sensitization, chromium feeds the carbide formation at the expense of the surrounding metal. With now-lower chromium content, the grain boundaries are at risk for corrosion. Using grades with reduced carbon content of 0.03 percent rather than the standard 0.08 percent reduces the tendency for chromium-carbide precipitation, as will alloying with titanium and/or niobium, which combine preferentially with carbon. Austenitic grades with a lower carbon content are designated with the suffix L, such as SS304L or SS316L. Sensitization in ferritic stainless steels is minimized with specific thermal profiles.
Ferritic stainless steels comprise part of the 400 series, and contain chromium (12.5-17 percent) as the primary alloying element. These stainless steels, ferromagnetic and generally having adequate formability, are essentially nickel-free, making them a lower-cost option to 300-series austenitic grades. Ferritic stainless steels are at risk of grain growth with an associated loss of properties when welded in thicker sections. Unlike austenitic stainless grades, the ferritic grades become brittle at low temperatures.
SS430 is the most widely used ferritic stainless steel, with SS409 having greater corrosion risk owing to a lower chromium content. SS439 offers greater resistance to corrosion and improved high-temperature stability, making it suitable for exhaust systems. Using titanium and niobium to tie carbon and nitrogen into fine precipitates results in improved formability–the same mechanism employed in the production of interstitial-free extra-deep-drawing ultra-low-carbon steels.
Greater shear strength in annealed austenitic stainless steels as compared to carbon steels leads to more force being required to shear stainless alloys of equal thicknesses. Press and die sections should be built with greater rigidity to account for the increased shear strength. Austenitic grades workharden to a greater extent than do ferritic grades, giving higher strength to the rollover section of a cut edge. Flanging or otherwise expanding a poorly cut edge results in a greater likelihood of edge cracks. Minimizing rollover, by using well-aligned cutting tools with tighter clearances, improves the cut edge. However, tight clearances accelerate the wear of shear knives, making it difficult to keep cutting tools sharp and sufficiently aligned.
china sheet metal fabrication
Previous: Benefits Of Galvanized Sheet Metal
Next: Common Sheet Metal Fabrication Techniques
china sheet metal fabrication
Related Information
Sheet Metal Technology
Most Useful Tools of Sheet Metal Fabrication
Application of Precision Stamping
Improving Punch Life of Stamping
The Latest Cutting Technology for Sheet Metal Fabrication
Solving Common Defects of Sheet Metal Stamping
Different Welding Ways in Sheet Metal Fabrication
Advances in Sheet Metal Stamping Technology
How does laser cutting work
Contact Start Sheet Metal
Tel: +86 592 5716061
Fax: +86 592 5701716
china sheeet metal fabrication
china sheet metal fabrication china sheet metal parts manufacturer china sheet metal parts manufacturer
china sheet metal parts
Keywords: China Sheet Metal Fabrication, Sheet Metal Cabinets, Sheet Metal Enclosures, Sheet Metal Stamping Parts
Copyright © 2018 Start Sheet Metal Co., Ltd.